Also known as “Stone disease”. Up to 20% of the population will suffer from urolithiasis throughout their lives.
The most typical clinic presentation of the lithiasis disease is renal colic: Medical emergency characterized by a severe pain on the lumbar area usually with irradiation towards the pelvis and frequently accompanied by symptoms associated to the parasympathetic nervous system (nausea, vomiting, dizziness…). The cause is the severe urethral obstruction because of the lithiasis which prevents the drainage of urine towards the bladder.
EXAMINATION: The diagnosis tests mostly used are:
Expelling treatment: Drugs helping the spontaneous kidney stone removal.
Metabolic study: It searches to identify the causes on the origin of lithiasis (eating disorders, diverse diseases…) which must be corrected in order to prevent the creation of kidney stones, or at least, to reduce its frequency.
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy: In some patients urolithiasis can be fragmented in order to favour the spontaneous expulsion or to facilitate a subsequent extractive surgery.